Tort Là Gì – Định Nghĩa, Ví Dụ, Giải Thích
What Is Tort Law?
Tort law is the area of the law that covers most civil suits. Generally, every claim that arises in civil court, with the exception of contractual disputes, falls under tort law. The concept of this area of law is to, redress a wrong done to, a person và provide relief from the wrongful acts of others, usually by awarding monetary damages as compensation. The original intent of tort is to, provide full compensation for proved harms.
Bài Viết: Tort là gì
Tort law is that branch of the law that deals with civil law, including law suits but excluding issues involving contracts.Tort law is considered to, be a form of restorative justice since it seeks to, remedy losses or injury with monetary compensation.In general tort law falls into three categories: those complaints dealing with negligence; intentional harm; và unintentional but non-negligent acts known as strict liability.
Understanding Tort Law
Tort law requires those who are found to, be at fault for harming others to, compensate the victims. Typical harms include the loss of past or future income, payment of medical expenses, payment for pain và suffering, và may also include additional punitive damages that are meant to, punish the plaintiff in excess of full compensation.
Tort law can be split into three categories: negligent torts, intentional torts, và strict liability torts. Negligent torts encompass harm done to, people generally through the failure of another to, exercise a certain level of care, usually defined as a reasonable standard of care. Accidents are a standard example of negligent torts. Intentional torts, on the other hand, refer to, harms done to, people intentionally by the willful misconduct of another, such as assault, fraud, và theft.
Strict liability torts, unlike negligence và intentional torts, are not concerned with the culpability of the person doing the harm. Instead, strict liability focuses on the act itself. If someone or some entity commits a certain act – for example, producing a defective product – then that person or company is responsible for the damages from that act, regardless of the level of care exercised or their intentions.
Examples of Tort Law
In February 2016, a self-driving car made by Google crashed into a bus in Mountain View, Calif. The car sensed a group of sandbags positioned around a storm drain và swerved into another lane to, avoid them, slamming into the side of a public transit bus. This was the first reported case of a self-driving car causing an accident, not just being a part of one.
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According to, liability tort law, drivers can seek compensation from a manufacturer for a faulty part of a car, usually an airbag or a tire. However, this liability tort now extends to, self-driving cars, và Google can be found liable for the damages.
Amy Williams filed a negligence lawsuit against Quest Diagnostics và its subsidiary Athena Diagnostics for the wrongful death of her son, Christian Millare. In 2007, Athena Diagnostics misclassified a mutation in Millare’s gene, which directly resulted in seizure và death in 2008. On June 27, 2016, Quest Diagnostics filed a motion to, dismiss the case under the statute of limitations for medical malpractice claims.
An example of an intentional tort is the ruling between Gawker và Hulk Hogan on March 18, 2016. Hogan was awarded $140 million due to, intentional tort law since it was deemed that Gawker intentionally invaded his privacy to, obtain video clip clip evidence of a private act.
Tort reform refers to, the critical stance taken against many tort cases, especially in the United States but also elsewhere, that many lawsuits today are frivolous. In the United States, more than 15 million lawsuits are filed each year, và advocates of tort reform claim that far too many of these are based on flimsy grounds, or are filed to, intimidate or influence outcomes. These frivolous cases are expensive và time-consuming, using up resources that could be better expended elsewhere.
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Tort reform in the U.S. has especially focused on lawsuits related to, medical claims và healthcare costs, including the unnecessary use of costly medical tests và the high price of drugs due to, patents.
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